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          上海牛津英语:倒装的运用

           来源:高中会?#26412;?#20048;部    要点:上海牛津英语  
          编辑点评: 上海牛津英语/高二英语/下册Unit1 what‘s is beauty?

          课文来源:上海牛津英语/高二英语/下册Unit1 what‘s is beauty?

          视频来源:Penny 2016年高二英语(上海牛津)【全年班】

           Grammar

          英语最基本的语序是主语在前,谓语动词在后。但有时由于句子结构的需要或表示强调,就要采用倒装?#38382;健?#23558;谓语动词完全?#39057;?#20027;语之前称为完全倒装,只将助动词或情态动词放到主语之前称为部分倒装。强调性倒装和以so, neither, nor开头的句子是高考例题的热点。

          (1)倒装句的意义

          1、适应一定的语法结构的需要,主要是指疑问句句型结构的需要。

          e.g. May I come in?

          Was the People’s Liberation Army founded in 1927?

          2、为了强调某一部分,而把这部分放到句首,构成倒装。

          e.g. Never have I been late for school this term.

          So early did he come to school that no other students came.

          (2)倒装的使用情况

          1、在 “there be” 结构里,there是引导词,主语在be后。

          e.g. There is a box on the table.

          2、在疑问句?#23567;?/span>

          e.g. Is she singing in the classroom?

          What does your mother do?

          3、在here, there等副词开头的某些句子里(要用一般现在时态)。如果主语是人称代词,主语和主要动词的词序不变。(完全倒装)

          e.g. There goes the bell.

          Here is an apple for you.

          There she comes.

          4、重复倒装句型,用在以so, nor, neither开头,表示谓语所述的情况也适用于另一个人或一事物的肯定或否定句?#23567;o用于肯定句,表示“也一样”、“也这样”;nor, neither用于否定句,表示“同样也不,也不这样”。

          e.g. I am watching TV. So is she.

          My parents didn’t watch TV last night. Neither (Nor) did I.

          5、直接引语的全部或一部分放在句?#36164;保?#20027;句中的主谓也常用直接倒装。(完全倒装)

          e.g. “Very well,” said the French student.

          “Bring me two eggs and a cup of tea, please.” said he.

          6、在以never, little, hardly, not only, few, not, seldom等否定副词开头的句子?#26657;?#37319;用部分倒装。如不放在句首就不要倒装。

          e.g. Little did he say at the meeting.

          Never shall I forget the day when I joined the Army. 

          比?#24076;篒 shall never forget the day when I joined the Army.

          7、用于以only所修饰的副词、介词短语或状语从句的句子?#23567;?/span>

          e.g. Only when the war was over in 1918 was he able to get happily back to work.

          Only in this way can we learn English well.

          注意:如果only后的?#39318;?#19981;是状语,不需倒装。

          e.g. Only Wang Lili knows this.

          8、为了表达生动,有时把表地点、方位的副词,如 up, down, out, away, in等放在句首,同时把谓语动词放在主语之前。若主语为人称代词,主语和谓语动词的位置不变,只将副词放在句首。(完全倒装)

          e.g. Away hurried the boy.

          Out rushed the girl.

          9、在虚拟结构?#26657;?#26465;件从句的谓语含有were, had 和should这三个词?#20445;?#21487;省去if,将这些词移至主语之前。

          e.g. Had I time (= If I had time), I would go and help you.

          Were I you (= If I were you), I would go abroad.

          Should he come (=If he should come), tell him to ring me up.

          10、as引导让步状语从句时要倒装(形容词/ 副词/ 名词/ 动词 + as + 主语 + 谓语)。

          e.g. Proud as they are, they are afraid to see me.

          Child as he is, he seems to know everything.(child?#23433;?#21152;冠词)

          Hard as he worded, he made little progress.

          11、用于某些表示祝愿的句子里。

          e.g. May you succeed!

          Long live the People’s Republic of China!

          12、So + 形容词、副词及such 置于句?#36164;?#35201;倒装。

          So happy did he feel.Such was me.

           

          小编推荐:2016年高二英语(上海牛津)【全年班】

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